Todd R. Long

Philosophy Department
California Polytechnic State University
San Luis Obispo, California

Image of Todd R. Long smiling

As a philosopher I work at Cal Poly on California's beautiful central coast. Specializing in mainstream epistemology, moral responsibility, philosophy of religion, and philosophical theology, my work has appeared in journals such as Philosophical Studies and Religious Studies and in collections from Oxford University Press, Springer, and MIT Press, among others. I have worked as Visiting Associate Professor in the Department of Philosophy at the University of Rochester, and as a Postdoctoral Fellow in The Center for Philosophy of Religion at the University of Notre Dame. I have taught philosophy at Cal Poly, University of Notre Dame, Eastman School of Music, University of Rochester, University of Arkansas, and William Carey College. My Ph.D. is in Philosophy from the University of Rochester, where Richard Feldman directed my dissertation. See my CV below for details.

Todd R. Long teaching a Philosophical Classics class



"Knowledge and Faith", The Encyclopedia of Philosophy of Religion, eds. Stewart Goetz & Charles Taliaferro (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2021). Submitted Version [article link:] [encyclopedia link:]

"Epistemic Justification", in Epistemology, ed. Brian Barnett (Rebus, 2021) 19-33. [OPEN ACCESS]

"From Experience to Evidence: Sensory and Testimonial", in Believing in Accordance with the Evidence: New Essays in Evidentialism, ed. Kevin McCain (Springer, 2018) 7-21. Submitted Version

"Minimal Skeptical Theism", in Skeptical Theism: New Essays, eds. Trent Dougherty & Justin McBrayer (Oxford University Press, 2016) 63-75. Submitted Version

"Information Manipulation and Moral Responsibility", in Manipulation: Theory and Practice, eds. Michael Weber and Christian Coons (Oxford University Press, 2014) 151-174. Submitted Version

"Mentalist Evidentialism Vindicated (and a Super-Blooper Epistemic Design Problem for Proper Function Justification)", Philosophical Studies 157:2 (2012) 251-266. Penultimate Version

"A Proper De Jure Objection to the Epistemic Rationality of Religious Belief", Religious Studies 46:3 (2010) 375-394. Download

"Proper Function Justification and Epistemic Rationality", Southwest Philosophy Review 26:1 (2010) 189-195. Download

"Is it True that 'Evolution is a Theory, Not a Fact'?", International Journal of Applied Philosophy 21:1 (2007) 89-108. Penultimate version

"Moderate Reasons-Responsiveness, Moral Responsibility, and Manipulation", in Freedom and Determinism, eds. Joe Keim Campbell, Michael O'Rourke, & David Shier (MIT Press, 2004) 151-172. Penultimate version

"A Selective Defence of Tolstoy's What is Art?", Philosophical Writings 8 (1998) 15-25. Download

"Belief or 'Belief': Rush Rhees on Religious Belief Language", Philosophical Writings 12 (1999) 21-45. Download

Some downloads available at my Digital Commons @ Cal Poly page


Review of Paul K. Moser, The God Relationship: The Ethics for Inquiry About the Divine, Philosophia Christi, 19:2 (2017) 478-483. Download

Review of Kevin McCain, Evidentialism and Epistemic Justification, Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews (2015.09.26). Review link

Review of Earl Conee & Theodore Sider, Riddles of Existence, Teaching Philosophy, 31:1 (2008) 98-101.

Book Note of Stephen Hetherington, Reality? Knowledge? Philosophy!, Australasian Journal of Philosophy, 83:3 (2005) 447.

Review of H.O. Mounce, Tolstoy on Aesthetics: What is Art?, Teaching Philosophy, 25:4 (2002) 367-370.

Review of David M. Holley, Self-Interest and Beyond, Teaching Philosophy, 25:2 (2002) 163-165.


"Mimetic Desire Theory and the Spiritual Disciplines", Society of Christian Philosophers (Midwest Region), Spring Hill College, Mobile, AL (March 21, 2015).

"Art Criticism's Theological Poverty: The Tree of Life as a Case in Point", Faith, Film, & Philosophy Seminar, Gonzaga University (October 5, 2012).

"Epistemic Conditions for Moral Responsibility and Information Manipulation", Bowling Green Workshop in Applied Ethics and Public Policy: Manipulation, Bowling Green State University (March 17, 2012).

"Moral Responsibility, Information Manipulation, and Divine Justice", Society of Christian Philosophers (Mountain-Pacific Region), Westmont College (January 14, 2012).

"Information Manipulation and Moral Responsibility", Colloquium Series, Department of Philosophy, University of Nevada, Las Vegas (September 9, 2011).

"An Evidentialist Response to a Plantingan Objection to Evidentialism", Young Philosophers Lecture Series and Podcast, SUNY Fredonia (March 26, 2010).

"A Bone for Traditional Foundationalism", American Philosophical Association (main program), Central Division, Chicago, IL (February 20, 2009).

"On Plantinga's De Jure Objection to Religious Belief: An Evidentialist Reply", Baylor Philosophy of Religion Conference, Baylor University (February 24, 2007).

"Commentary on John Martin Fischer's 'Manipulation and Guidance Control: A Reply to Long'", Inland Northwest Philosophy Conference: Action, Ethics, and Responsibility, Washington State University (March 31, 2006).

"Justification-Skepticism, Strong Truth-Conduciveness, and Epistemic Assurance", Inland Northwest Philosophy Conference: Knowledge and Skepticism, Washington State University (May 2004).

"Moderate Reasons-Responsiveness, Moral Responsibility, and Manipulation", Inland Northwest Philosophy Conference: Freedom & Determinism, Washington State University and University of Idaho (April 2001).

"Rush Rhees on Death and Immortality", Department of Philosophy, University of Wales Swansea (March 1998).


Epistemology (Cal Poly)
Metaphysics (Cal Poly)
Philosophical Classics: Knowledge & Reality (Cal Poly)
Epistemology of Religious Belief (Cal Poly)
Moral Responsibility and Manipulation (Cal Poly)
Aesthetics (Cal Poly)
Introduction to Philosophy (Cal Poly, University of Arkansas, William Carey College)
Ethics (University of Notre Dame, University of Rochester)
Contemporary Moral Problems (University of Rochester)
Reason and Argument (University of Rochester)
History of Early Modern Philosophy (Eastman School of Music, University of Rochester)
Writing About Philosophy: Epistemology & Aesthetics (University of Rochester)


NEH Summer Scholar: Metaphysics and Mind, National Endowment for the Humanities Summer Seminar, led by John Heil, Washington University, St. Louis (2013).

Postdoctoral Fellow: Center for Philosophy of Religion, University of Notre Dame (2003-2004).

Teaching Assistant of the Year Award: Graduate Program in Philosophy, University of Rochester (2002-2003).

Best Essay of the Year Award: Graduate Program in Philosophy, University of Rochester (2002-2003).

Edward Peck Curtis Award for Excellence in Teaching by a Graduate Student Nominee, University of Rochester (2003).

Teaching Assistant of the Year Award: Graduate Program in Philosophy, University of Rochester (2001-2002).

Best Essay of the Year Award: Graduate Program in Philosophy, University of Rochester (2000-2001).

Pew Younger Scholar: Graduate Summer Seminar: Foundationalism in Politics, Liberalism, Natural Law Theory and the Pluralist Alternative, led by Nicholas Wolterstorff, St. Edwards University (Summer 1999).

Philip S. Bashor Award: Outstanding Graduate Work in Philosophy, University of Arkansas (1998-1999).

Rotary Scholar: Amabassadorial Academic-Year Scholarship, University of Wales Swansea (1997-1998).

Outstanding Graduate Student in Philosophy Award: University of Southern Mississippi (1994-1995).


Philosophy Department
California Polytechnic State University
1 Grand Avenue
San Luis Obispo, CA 93407-0327


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